منتدى متخصص فى دراسه الاعشاب الطبيه والعلاج بالطب البديل المتخصص فى علاج جميع الامراض بالطب النبوى وطب الاعشاب واننا نقدم الدراسه الاكاديميه والتركيبات العشبيه ونافذه لكل من يطلب العلم والمشوره مجانا


    الريحان(Ocimum basilicum - L)

    شاطر

    الصفوة2

    المساهمات : 555
    تاريخ التسجيل : 28/02/2010

    الريحان(Ocimum basilicum - L)

    مُساهمة  الصفوة2 في السبت أبريل 10, 2010 3:34 pm



    صورة للنبات



    Scientific classification
    Kingdom: Plantae

    (unranked): Angiosperms

    (unranked): Eudicots

    (unranked): Asterids

    Order: Lamiales

    Family: Lamiaceae

    Genus: Ocimum

    Species: O. basilicum

    Binomial name
    Ocimum basilicum
    L.


    التصنيف العلمي
    المملكة : Plantae

    (غير مصنف) : مغلفات البذور

    (غير مصنف) : Eudicots

    (غير مصنف) : Asterids

    الترتيب : Lamiales

    الأسرة : العائلة الشفوية

    جنس : Ocimum

    النوع : O. basilicum

    الحدين اسم
    Ocimum basilicum
    ل.


    عدل سابقا من قبل الصفوة2 في الأحد مايو 02, 2010 7:19 am عدل 2 مرات

    الصفوة2

    المساهمات : 555
    تاريخ التسجيل : 28/02/2010

    التركيب الكيميائى للنبات

    مُساهمة  الصفوة2 في السبت أبريل 10, 2010 3:35 pm

    تاللبببب


    عدل سابقا من قبل الصفوة2 في السبت أبريل 10, 2010 4:45 pm عدل 1 مرات

    الصفوة2

    المساهمات : 555
    تاريخ التسجيل : 28/02/2010

    الإستخدامات الطبية للنبات

    مُساهمة  الصفوة2 في السبت أبريل 10, 2010 3:41 pm

    Medicinal Uses

    Antibacterial; Antispasmodic; Aromatherapy; Aromatic; Carminative; Digestive; Galactogogue; Ophthalmic; Stomachic; Tonic.

    Sweet basil has been used for thousands of years as a culinary and medicinal herb. It acts principally on the digestive and nervous systems, easing flatulence, stomach cramps, colic and indigestion[254]. The leaves and flowering tops are antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, digestive, galactogogue, stomachic and tonic[7, 14, 21, 178, 218]. They are taken internally in the treatment of feverish illnesses (especially colds and influenza), poor digestion, nausea, abdominal cramps, gastro-enteritis, migraine, insomnia, depression and exhaustion[238]. Externally, they are used to treat acne, loss of smell, insect stings, snake bites and skin infections[238]. The leaves can be harvested throughout the growing season and are used fresh or dried[238]. The mucilaginous seed is given in infusion in the treatment of gonorrhoea, dysentery and chronic diarrhoea[240]. It is said to remove film and opacity from the eyes[218]. The root is used in the treatment of bowel complaints in children[240]. Extracts from the plant are bactericidal and are also effective against internal parasites[218, 238]. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is 'Clearing'[210].


    الإستخدامات الطبية:

    مضاد للجراثيم ، مضاد للتشنج ، الروائح ؛ ؛ طارد للريح عطرة ؛ الهضمي ؛ Galactogogue ؛ ؛ معدى البصريات ؛ تونيك.

    وقد استخدم الحلو ريحان لآلاف السنين كما عشب الطهي والطبية. ويعمل أساسا على الجهاز الهضمي والعصبي ، وتخفيف انتفاخ البطن ومغص في البطن ومغص و[عسر الهضم 254]. الأوراق والأزهار وقمم تشنج ، العطرية ، وطارد للريح ، الجهاز الهضمي ، وgalactogogue ، معدى ومنشط [7 ، 14 ، 21 ، 178 ، 218]. ويؤخذون داخليا في علاج الأمراض محموم (نزلات البرد والانفلونزا وخاصة) ، سوء الهضم والغثيان ومغص في البطن وأمراض الجهاز الهضمي ، والصداع النصفي ، والأرق ، والاكتئاب و[استنفاد 238]. [خارجيا ، فهي تستخدم لعلاج حب الشباب ، وفقدان الشم ، لسعات الحشرات ولدغ الثعابين والتهابات الجلد 238]. يمكن حصاده ويترك طوال فترة الموسم الزراعي ، وتستخدم طازج أو مجفف [238]. [ويرد المصنف صمغي في التسريب في علاج مرض السيلان والزحار والاسهال المزمن 240]. ويقال لإزالة التعتيم والفيلم من عيون [218]. [يتم استخدام الجذر في معالجة الشكاوى الامعاء لدى الاطفال 240]. مقتطفات من مصنع للجراثيم وفعالة أيضا ضد الطفيليات الداخلية [218 ، 238]. يتم استخدام الزيوت الأساسية في طب الروائح. الكلمة الرئيسية منه هو 'المقاصة' [210].


    References المراجع
    [K] Ken Fern
    Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.

    [1] F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press 1951
    Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).

    [4] Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin 1984 ISBN 0-14-046-440-9
    Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.

    [7] Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald 1984 ISBN 0-356-10541-5
    Covers plants growing in Europe. Also gives other interesting information on the plants. Good photographs.

    [14] Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press 1979 ISBN 0-87857-262-7
    A good herbal.

    [18] Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins 1979
    Details of beneficial and antagonistic relationships between neighbouring plants.

    [20] Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. 1978 ISBN 0-88266-064-0
    Fairly good.

    [21] Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books 1983 ISBN 0-553-23827-2
    Lots of information tightly crammed into a fairly small book.

    [27] Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press 0 ISBN 0-89815-041-8
    A reprint of a nineteenth century classic, giving details of vegetable varieties. Not really that informative though.

    [46] Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim 1959
    An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.

    [52] Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn 1980
    A good and comprehensive guide to temperate salad plants, with full organic details of cultivation.

    [57] Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. 0
    Fairly readable but not very comprehensive. Deals with plants from around the world.

    [61] Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable 1974 ISBN 0094579202
    Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.

    [105] Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing 1976
    The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.

    [132] Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. 0
    Lovely pictures, a very readable book.

    [142] Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press 1975 ISBN 0-12-136450-x
    Readable but not very comprehensive.

    [171] Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press 1952
    Not very comprehensive, but it is quite readable and goes into some a bit of detail about the plants it does cover.

    [178] Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre 0
    A translation of an ancient Chinese herbal. Fascinating.

    [183] Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications 1990 ISBN 0-9628087-0-9
    Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.

    [200] Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5
    Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

    [201] Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. 1993 ISBN 0-304-34324-2
    A well produced and very readable book.

    [210] Westwood. C. Aromatherapy - A guide for home use. Amberwood Publishing Ltd 1993 ISBN 0-9517723-0-9
    An excellent little pocket guide. Very concise.

    [218] Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. 1985 ISBN 0-917256-20-4
    Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.

    [238] Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. 1995 ISBN 0-7513-020-31
    A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.

    [240] Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. 1986
    Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.

    [244] Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. 1990 ISBN 0-330-30725-8
    Deals with all types of herbs including medicinal, culinary, scented and dye plants. Excellent photographs with quite good information on each plant.

    [254] Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London 1996 ISBN 9-780751-303148
    An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الإثنين ديسمبر 18, 2017 5:54 am